Posted by: Mark Polk | 2014

RV DIY Article – RV Generator Preventive Maintenance

RV generator In a recent article I mentioned that Preventive Maintenance (PM) is maintenance the owner can perform on your RV before a problem exists. These checks are designed to prevent or identify potential problems that could lead to mechanical breakdown, malfunction or failure of a component or system on your RV. Preventive Maintenance consists of cleaning, inspecting, lubricating, adjusting and servicing your RV.

Here are some PM checks you can perform on a typical RV generator. In addition to these checks you should always follow the maintenance schedule and guidelines found in the generator set owner’s manual.

Note: These PM checks are for a gasoline fueled generator. There are diesel and propane fueled generators too. Some of these checks apply to all types of generators, but some don’t. Consult your generator owner’s manual for maintenance checks, services and service intervals for your specific generator.

RV generator exhaust  Always check the oil level and the exhaust system prior to starting the generator. Starting and running a generator that is low on oil can result in costly damage to the generator’s engine. Add oil as required. Check your owner’s manual for the type of oil to use. A damaged exhaust system can result in carbon monoxide gas getting inside the RV. Always inspect the entire generator exhaust system prior to starting the generator. Never operate a generator with a damaged exhaust system!

Keep the generator set and the compartment it is housed in clean. You can use compressed air to assist in cleaning the generator compartment and use a clean shop rag to wipe the generator set off. While you are cleaning the generator check all electrical connectors for secure connections. Note: always wear safety glasses when using compressed air.

RV generator hour meterCheck all of the filters on the generator. A typical generator may have an air filter, fuel filter and oil filter. Check your generator owner manual for the types of filters your generator has and where they are located. Maintenance checks and services for a generator are based on hours of operation. You need to monitor the hour meter on your generator set for all maintenance intervals.

Check the air filter for cleanliness. You can remove the filter and inspect the fins on the back for signs of dirt or debris. You can tap the air filter on a flat surface to help remove some of the dirt and debris. If the filter is dirty replace it now, otherwise replace it at the prescribed intervals. Inspect the air filter more often in dusty conditions and/or during heavy usage.

The fuel filter will typically be an in-line type of filter. As it filters out dirt and debris it eventually collects enough debris to interfere with the flow of fuel. Check and replace the fuel filter at prescribed intervals.

We’ll talk about the oil filter in just a minute.

changing oil in RV generator Change the oil and oil filter (if equipped). This is perhaps the most important PM Service you can perform on your generator to ensure years of reliable service. Change the oil and replace the oil filter at the recommended intervals. It’s really quite simple to do. Your generator owner’s manual will usually describe the steps to follow. If you don’t feel comfortable changing the oil and filter have an authorized RV service center do it for you.

 

Replace the spark plugs at recommended intervals. If you have replaced spark plugs in a vehicle you can replace the spark plugs in the generator, unless due to the constraints of the generator compartment you can’t access the spark plugs. In this case you may want to let an authorized RV service facility do it for you. If you decide to do it yourself check your generator owner’s manual for the correct type of plug to use and double check the spark plug gap before installing the plugs. Do not over tighten spark plugs!

Exercise the generator. There are several reasons to start and exercise the generator on a regular basis. Moisture build-up can cause damage to your generator. When you exercise your generator it heats up the generator windings and eliminates this moisture build-up. This monthly exercise regime also lubricates all of the engine seals and components and helps to prevent carbon build-up. So, what exactly do I mean when I say exercise your generator? For a gasoline generator I mean that you start and run the generator with at least a 50 % load, for at least two hours every month. It is extremely important that you run it with this minimum rated load. Generators are designed to run with a load on them. It’s always better to let your generator run for longer time periods than it is for short time periods. Check your generator owner’s manual for load ratings specific to your unit. Always try to avoid starting or stopping a generator when there is a 120 volt device or appliance turned on.

Add a fuel stabilizer during periods of storage or non-use. If it’s a motorhome add a fuel stabilizer to the motorhome’s gas tank and run the generator long enough for the stabilizer to get through the fuel system. This will help prevent gas related problems on carbureted generators, like not starting or surging when it does start. These are problems you don’t need. Fuel stabilizers can protect the fuel system for up to six months, but keep in mind the importance to exercise the generator too.

Well there you have it. Follow these simple steps, and the maintenance and service instructions in the generator owner’s manual, and you can get years of reliable service from your generator set. A couple of additional tips for generator maintenance are to keep the battery that is used to start the generator well maintained, and when running the generator monitor the AC voltage and frequency output with some type of digital plug in meter.  Frequency is the number of times electricity alternates per second. U.S. appliances are designed to operate at 60 cycles per second, or 60 hertz. When you use your generator the governor in the generator must hold the speed constant at, or close to 60 hertz from no load on the generator to a full load. Depending on the load placed on the generator, AC voltage can range from 105 to 135 volts and the frequency can range from 58 to 63 hertz. Anything outside of these parameters can cause problems for your RV electrical system and/or generator set. The meter will let you know when the generator is not operating within the proper ranges and you can have it checked out and repaired before any damage occurs.

Happy RV Learning,

Mark Polk

RV training DVDs and products available at: RV Education 101®

RV Consumer
Follow us on FACEBOOK
 Sign up for our online RV Consumer E-News Magazine It’s FREE! 
RV 101®

 


Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Categories

%d bloggers like this: